Core Modules

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as not merely the absence of illness or infirmity, but a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing.[1] Within palliative care, the absence of illness or infirmity are no longer the focus of treatment.[2] Ensuring optimal quality of life by optimising function – encompassing physical, spiritual, psychosocial and cultural functioning – becomes the main goal.[2, 3]

Case Study: Bob's Story YouTube Playlist


Module 4: Optimising function in palliative care will help you develop your understanding of how to provide support for people affected by life-limiting illness to live as fully as possible, for as long as possible. In particular, it focuses on issues of loss, establishing goals of care and understanding the effect of caregiving.

Aims and Objectives:

After completing this module, you should be able to:

  • Recognise the different responses and emotions of people affected by life-limiting illnesses
  • Discuss strategies for facilitating collaborative decision-making on care goals with people with life-limiting illnesses and their families
  • Identify interventions that will optimise physical, psychological and social function for people with life-limiting illnesses and their families
  • Analyse the effect of caregiving on the networks of people who support people with life-limiting illnesses.

Record of Participation



  1. World Health Organization. Constitution of WHO:  Principles. 2018  [cited 2018 June 25, 2018]; Available from:
  2. Rome, R.B., et al., The Role of Palliative Care at the End of Life. The Ochsner Journal, 2011. 11(4): p. 348-352.
  3. Palliative Care Australia. National Palliative Care Standards. 2018; 5th Edition:[Available from:].